As a result of Armenia’s aggressive policy against Azerbaijan, more than 10000 place names, names of historical and cultural monuments, and hundreds of toponyms were changed and replaced with Armenian names. 2645 historical and cultural monuments, including 1814 architectural, 747 archaeological, 64 gardens and parks, monumental and memorials, 23 museums, 102 757 museum exhibits, 4 art galleries, 376 paintings, 4.6 million books, 13 archives, 260000 archived documents, hunting and household items of historical significance (carpets, purses, embroideries, belts, household items, etc.) belonging to the personal collections of more than 50000 citizens were destroyed and owned.
Thus, by appropriating the portable historical and cultural monuments they looted from Azerbaijan, Armenians sold some of them in different countries of the world, some were gifted to influential people, and some are kept in various institutions in Yerevan. Some of them:
- A silver handbag from the Museum of History and Ethnography of Lachin in 1993 sold for $ 80,000 at Sotheby’s (39) auction in London.
- During 1993-2016, carpets stolen from Azerbaijan under the Armenian brand were sold in the United States, Germany, France, England, Saudi Arabia, and other countries.
- 63 mosques were completely destroyed and 4 mosques were demolished and made unrecognizable.
- 71 tombs, 500 cemeteries were destroyed,
- 136678 transported cultural heritage pieces, including museum exhibits were appropriated by Armenians,
- Amaras temple in Khojavend region, Saatli mosque in Shusha city, Ganjasar temple in Kalbajar region, Agoglan temple in Lachin region and Soltan Ahmad palace were illegally repaired and changed their construction, wall inscriptions were removed
- 1161 archeological monuments were excavatedillegally
- Illegal activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, 1 in Shahbulag plateau of Aghdam, 4 in Khojaly region, 3 in Khankendi city, 3 in Shusha city, 1 in Shusha Fuzulu road, 2 in Kalbajar region, 1 in Lachin, 1 in Zabukh village of Lachin region were built Armenian churches.
One of the damaged and reconstructed monuments is Khutavang monastery complex.
Khutavang monastery is an ancient Albanian architectural complex located in Kalbajar. The monastery was built in the 6-7th centuries. In the 15th century, this monument was the religious temple of the Albanian catholicosate.
Author: Faig Ismayilov – Chairman of Public Union on Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments of Azerbaijan